“Naval rivalry was the main cause of WW1” How far do you agree with this statement? Explain
In this essay I’m going to explain how far I agree or not if Naval rivalry is the main cause of WW1. I’m going to consider the short and long term causes,and how they contribute to war. I should mention the short and long term causes and in which year they happened. First I’m going to start with short term causes and finally with long term causes.
In the main body I’m going to talk about the short term causes. The most important cause for me is Alliances. They contributed to war because a lot of empires made alliances with other countries to get defense, land and power. For example; in the First Moroccan Crisis, France and Germany wanted to get Morocco so Great Britain supported France to conquer this land of North Africa, Morocco. The Murder of Sarajevo is the second most important of all the causes because it contribute for the start of the war. All started when Gavrilo Princip killed Franz Ferdinand because he was going to be the heir of Austro-Hungary. The third most important are the First and Second Moroccan Crisis. The First Moroccan Crisis is important because there started the conflict between Germany and France. They contributed a lot for WW1 because they had alliances with other countries which started arguing with each other. The second Moroccan Crisis contributed because they had internal problems in Morocco so there was a lot of tension between Germany and France. They started arguing again. Finally, France kept Morocco and Germany some land in Congo.
The Balkans Crisis is about the ethnic groups of the Austro- Hungarian and the countries inside the Balkans. There was tension, because the Austro-Hungarian didn’t want the ethnic groups inside her, to become independent. There were alliances between Great Britain & France, and Germany, Serbia Russia & Prussia, Great Britain & France, and Germany, the Austro-Hungarian Empire & Italy. Also, there was rivalry between Germany Russia & Serbia. Arms Race, is about Germany’s plan for war. this plan was called “Schlieffen Plan”.
It’s leave Great Britain out of the war. Russia won and France lost “Alsace-Lorraine” and then it began tension between Great Britain & France.
I think that Naval Race contribute but not a lot, it´s contribute with the tension that Great Britain and Germany had . They competed to see who was the more POWERFUL, and be ready in case there´s a war and scare enemies. Germany wanted to become an Established Empire.
Now I’m going to explain the long term causes, I will start with, Unification of Germany, the unification of Germany is the most important cause of all the long term causes because Germany was always trying to conquer lands and that made him enemies. The Unification of Italy it is important because Italy became an growing Empire so she treated a lot of with Empires and countries. The Franco-Prussian war was important because Germany thought it would be easy to defeat France. Finally Germany came up with the Schlieffen plan. Germany would attack France and then Russia. Finally, Great Britain, France and Russia attacked Germany. They left Great Britain out of the war.
Alliances, some of the Alliances were the Triple Alliance, Triple Entente… there were alliances and enemies that didn’t help at all stop the WW1. They influenced to war because they helped the countries to conquer land and be more powerful of an Growing Empire.
Growing, Decaying and Established empires: the growing empires were the Empires that wanted to have more land and territories. Decaying Empires were the Empires which were Established and were losing power. They didn’t have any alliance and were looking to protect what they already had, they had some land.
The Established Empires were the Empires that had land and wanted to continue growing to have more power, population and land. They contributed for war in that some empires were decaying so the powerful empires could attack them. Ethnic groups seeking independence, they wanted to start speaking their own language and have their own beliefs.
In conclusion, I think that the Naval rivalry is not the most important. All the causes are related to the war and some contributed a lot and others did not.