Arts: folder


Belen Brito Peret

1) Definition of art by Kandinsky

He started the lyrical abstraction and the expressionism.

In great art, the viewer feels good about himself. Such harmony or contrast of emotion can not be superficial or insignificant; in fact the tonality of an image can deepen or purify the viewer’s. These works of art at least preserve the soul of the gross; The legend, so to speak, to raise to a certain height, like the keys of intonation of the strings of an instrument. Through the image an awareness of the infinite is maintained: of the eternal within the finite; From the spiritual within the material, the unlimited is shaped. Between these two definitions we can approach a more sublime understanding of the nature of art.


This artwork made by DIEGO GRAVINESE, an Argentinian artist, matches with the definition of Kandinsky because by admiring this image the viewers can feel harmony and different emotions. He also plays with and combine colors making a real image, that transmits a massage by painting different shapes, materials, contrast and variety of colors.

3)  BORDAL0 ii (Portugal)

  1. It is a sculpture and an installation, made from trash highlights perils of wastefulness. This plastic rhino made by Bordalo ii is exposed in Lisbon, Portugal with other artworks of this artist.
  2. This sculpture, is a Rhino made of trash and other materials, as plastic. It is a huge realistic [sure?] sculpture, by which he represent the world we live, how animals are shown as humans, «The idea is not to make something beautiful from garbage, it is to make people stop and look and understand what is behind», said the artist. He wants to transmit the message that is behind of what he creates and shows to the society. This piece of art is placed in Portugal.
  3. i)  This sculpture made by Bordalo ii, is a construction made of plastic and trash. It has a simple structure as it has low number of levels and is centralized on one member, witches in this case is the animal. Moreover, this artwork is asymmetrical because it has a lack of equality or equivalence as it is built.
  1. ii) Bordalo uses warm, cool, light and dark colors. For example, green, blue and yellow. Also, he uses both of saturated and desaturated, as white and black. Moreover, the other groups of colors that he uses polychromatic. Monochromatics are set of colors that all have the same hue blended with different levels of white and black and the polychromatism that are multiple colors.
  2. d) When I first saw the image, I look at the body of the animal and the colors he uses. Then I realised of what the sculpture is made of and the materials. Also, how realistic it is, according to the dimensions.Moreover, I focus on the background, where the sculpture is placed and I connect with my thoughts on how the animal is related with the walls and the contrast between the colorful animal with the brick walls. Finally, I thought about the message that is what I consider the most important when analysing a picture or an image.


  1. e) When I saw the image for the first time, firstly I thought that it was a joyful and great sculpture. But when i started analysing it i could understand what the artist wants to transmit and make people conscious about the message and what he decides to create artwork related with animals, to show how animals should be, free as it is art. However, the society do not let this happen because of the human consumption and killing of animals.
  2. f) In my opinion the artist wanted to express the suffering of animals. He could had put the sculpture in an open place, like their natural environment, but Bordalo expose the realistic performance between walls, I think that the walls represents like cages in which animals are nowadays. Not only cows and pigs are being killed, also animals as rhinos that are in the zoos are extinguishing every day.  Almost every artwork of Bordalo are animals, so he wants to transmit the sufferment? and make people think and be aware of what is happening in the world. He turns trash into animals to remind us about pollution.

4) “Rock and roll ain’t Pollution”, a song of the band AC/DC, talks about the pollution in the world and how we need to focus on the future and not in the past because we are going to end up world if we not help to change the environment in which we are living. Bordalo, the artist of this sculpture, turn trash into animals to remind us about the problem that humans are commiting to our world by killing an consuming animals in this case.


Script performance Duchamp and Baroness Elsa von Freytag.

(Telephone conversation between Duchamp and the Baroness)

(The baroness in her house moving around and picking up things playing around with them- Duchamp walking in the street wandering the city)

Baroness: Marcel! How wonderful to hear from you! It’s been a while since we last talked. Lately so many objects are reminding me of you.

Duchamp: Baroness, my darling. I have been lacking inspiration since I last saw you, you are my muse. I was just wandering through the street, thinking of what I can do in my next artwork but nothing seemed to come up to my mind so I figured I should call you. Your imagination and creativity are otherworldly.

Baroness: Oh Marcel, you flatter me. I do acknowledge my ideas are kind of crazy, but after all I do have fun and live my life to the fullest. I was thinking maybe we could collaborate and create an artwork together, something new and exciting that can challenge the old-fashioned and boring society we live in.

Duchamp: I agree with you completely. Just tell me about the idea you have for this new artwork so that I can start working on it.

Baroness: Okay, I will, but don’t you dare do it on your own Marcel. I trust you, but I can’t deny the fact that it’s said that you can be deceitful.

Duchamp: I wouldn’t dare. You know how much I adore you. You are the most deep and beautiful art piece I’ve ever seen.

Baroness: Please, I’m out of your league. So the other day I saw an empty barrel and I started thinking how much alike we all are to barrels. We are filled with hopes and when we realize that not all of us can reach our hopes we are empty. Just as when you’re drunk. Just as the barrel.

Duchamp: I don’t get where you’re going with this

Baroness:I thought it could be an excellent artwork. It has a meaning. And it will shock people.

Duchamp: but is already made

Baroness: I know but they didn’t giveput it that meaning to it. I would be givingputting it, I would be the artist.

Duchamp: I see.

Baroness: I also thought I could hit it and maybe break it a little.

Ducham: Great idea. I always saw the spark on you Baroness.

Baroness:But I’m doubting my idea because I don’t think it would attract the audience.

Duchamp: It’s a great idea, I think that it would have a huge audience and catch the interest of people. It may even revolutionize the art world.

Baroness:If you say so I would do it as soon as possible but please, remember not to steal my idea.

Duchamp:If you repeat it many times I will steal your great idea. It seems you don’t trust me while I always trusted you.

(Thinking in his head he will stealsteall the idea and he will become famous with it)

Baroness: You would never consider doingto do such a thing, Duchamp! That will betray my trust and I would never forgive you. Stealing someone else’s idea is a crime. I warn you for the last time, Duchamp. Do not turn my idea into one of your inspirations.

Duchamp: I already told you, your inspiration on this artwork would not be one of mines. I prefer creating something new, different…something that would shock people and make them want more.

Baroness: That’s what I mean! I have many ideas in my mind for preparing my own works from utilitarian objects, and what it is important is that it was my fantastic idea. As well as my clothes, they could be full of strange objects, even garbage, but in this way I can reassemble and modify to give them a different life, a more beautiful aspect.

Duchamp: Yes Baroness, I am getting tired of you.  I think I already made it clear that I will not use your idea, I will come up with a better one and I will also be better known than you because  you don’t concentrate on seeking the prestige of the academy, and if you don’t show your ideas to the world, then they are useless.

Baroness: I know, that’s why I came to ask for your help. I would be very grateful if we do this together, I alsoalso I think we could be a great team because we have a great imagination.

Duchamp: Yes, I believe that  indeed. Well I have to leave you because I’m almost to enter a place. See you!

Baroness: Ok! I hope you think about what I told you and don’t disappoint me because I appreciate you so much. Bye, I believe that I will see you soon!


The Fountain 

By Duchamp

Is it art? Why?

The recognised artwork called The Fountain made by Duchamp, some people doesn’t consider it art, although, I think that it is. Why? Because he shows that by having simple, common object you can create art. Duchamp proved to have an idea and a meaning. He wanted to transmit art to the audience and to the world, the significant meaning of his art. By transforming the urinal to a piece of art, Duchamp, was questioning people and proving to the museum and academics and to all the people who criticized him, how something without a meaning could become something famous and recognised.

Furthermore, with the meaningful ideas and the point to prove people about the artwork, he could finally convince people about his art and to prove how wrong those who thought that changing the meaning of an object or instrument wasn’t art. This was too important and have a great impact to the population, because they started reading about  the Urinal and creating their own artwork inspired on him. Duchamp convinced people of this, using him as an example and inspiration to them to create a readymade.



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